charles_starkeyCharles Starkey

Assistant Professor

Poultry Science Department

education

2002 Ph.D., Animal Nutrition – Emphasis in Monogastric Nutrition; Dissertation: Vitamin and Trace Mineral Nutrition for Swine,
Kansas State University – Manhattan, KS
1998 M.S., Agriculture – Thesis: The efficacy of feeding defatted rice bran and acidulated soybean oil soapstock to growing and
finishing swine, Arkansas State University
1994 B.S., Agriculture – Arkansas State University – Jonesboro, AR

Professional Experience

Present Assistant Professor (tenure track), Auburn University Department of Poultry Science. Auburn, AL
2015-Present Director of Monogastric Technical Services, Balchem Corporation. New Hampton, NY
2011-2015 Director of Technical Services, American Proteins, Inc. Cumming, GA
2005-2010 New Business Development Manager, DSM Nutritional Products. Parsippany, NJ
2009-2011 Adjunct Faculty Member, Texas Tech University. Lubbock, TX
1997-1998  Research Manager, Extrusion Technologies Inc. Memphis, TN

Honors and Awards

American Feed Industry Association (AFIA) Member of the Year, 2015

professional affiliations

FDA Animal Food Preventative Control Alliance Committee Member
2014 ASAS JAM Swine Committee Chair
National Renderer’s Association
Poultry Protein and Fats Council Board Member; Technology Committee chairman
Fats and Protein Research Council
Animal Protein Producers Institute
American Feed Industry Association
American Association of Feed Control Officials; Committee Industry Advisor
American Society of Animal Science
Poultry Science Association
American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers
 American Society for Nutrition

Research Activities

Dr. Starkey leads a multi-disciplinary research program that focuses on connecting all aspects of animal food ingredient characteristics, dietary formulations, animal food manufacturing techniques, live animal performance, and gastrointestinal tract physiology and health. Research performed in his own lab and that conducted with select collaborators includes evaluation and application of animal food ingredients and animal food manufacturing techniques on nutrition, live production, and metabolism of multiple animal species. The intent this program is to investigate the relationships between ingredient composition and performance during manufacturing and follow this through the entire cycle to evaluate their effects directly on the gastrointestinal tract and the cells from which it is composed. An inter-disciplinary approach is necessary in order to connect and interpret results across the entire animal nutrition system. A highlight of this research program is the combination of practical, applied research technologies with basic physiological mechanism of action technologies to improve the overall efficiency of animal production.

Extension Activities

Interpretation and training on newly released animal food regulations.

Recent Courses Taught

POUL 3100 Basics of Feed Manufacturing, Auburn University
POUL 5030 Advanced Poultry Production, Auburn University
ANSC 5308 Applied Vitamin and Mineral Nutrition, Texas Tech University

Select Publications

  •  C. W. Starkey. 2016. Chemical Hazards in Raw Material – Their Source and Control. Render Magazine.
  •  S. L. Mathe, C. W. Starkey, and C. K. Jones. 2015. Evaluating the correlation between water activity and percentage moisture in rendered protein meals. International Poultry Scientific Forum. Atlanta, GA.
  •  C. W. Starkey. 2015. Physical Hazards in Raw Material – Their Source and Control. Render Magazine.
  •  Hines, E. A., J. D. Coffey, C. W. Starkey, T. K. Chung, and J. D. Starkey. 2013. Improvement of maternal vitamin D status with 25-hydroxycholecalciferol positively impacts porcine fetal skeletal muscle development and myoblast activity. J. Anim. Sci. 91:4116-4122.
  •  McFadden, K. K., M. L. Hoffman, J. D. Starkey, J. D. Coffey, E. A. Hines, C. W. Starkey, and K. E. Govoni. 2013. Effects of maternal 25-hydroxycholecalciferol supplementation on fetal bone development in pigs. J. Anim. Sci. Vol 91 (Suppl).
  •  Coffey, J. D., E. A. Hines, J. D. Starkey, C. W. Starkey, and T. K. Chung. 2012. Feeding 25-hydroxycholecalciferol improves gilt reproductive performance and fetal vitamin D status. J. Anim. Sci. 90:3783-8.
  •  Starkey, C. W., R. H. Stock, and T. Parrott. 2008. Effects of feeding Bacillus organisms on residual bacterial counts in a commercial piglet facility. 39th Annual Meeting of the American Association of Swine Veterinarians, San Diego, CA.
  •  Starkey, C., D. Campbell, N. Ward, and J. Wilson. 2008. Effects of a phytase enzyme formulated for meal diets on piglet performance. J. Anim. Sci. 86 (E-Suppl. 3):102.
  •  Ward, N. E., Zijlstra, R. T., C. M. Parsons, and C. Starkey. Non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) content of U.S. commercial corn distiller’s dried grains with soluble (DDGS). International Poultry Scientific Forum, Atlanta, GA. 2008.
  •  Fernandez, S., Starkey, C. W., R. H. Stock, and T. Parrott. Effects of feeding Bacillus organisms on residual bacterial counts in a commercial piglet facility. XIII Congreso AMENA, Veracruz, VR, Mexico. 2007.
  •  Feoli, C., J. D. Hancock, C. R. Monge, C. L. Jones, and C. W. Starkey. 2006. Effects of xylanase and wheat middlings in diets for finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 84 (Suppl. 1):429.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, D. H. Kropf , C. L. Jones, K. H. Hachmeister, T. E. Lawrence, D. A. King, and J. D. Dunn. 2002. Effects of vitamin and mineral concentrations and ractopamine hydrochloride in diets for growing-finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (Suppl. 1):96.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, D. H. Kropf , C. L. Jones, K. H. Hachmeister, T. E. Lawrence, D. A. King, and J. D. Dunn. 2002. Effects of vitamin and mineral concentrations and ractopamine hydrochloride on pork quality. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (Suppl. 1):96.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, J. S. Park, C. L. Jones, and J. D. Dunn. 2002. Effects of removing vitamin and trace mineral premixes on growth and carcass measurements in finishing pigs housed in a moderately stressful environment. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (Suppl. 2):69.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, D. H. Kropf, C. L. Jones, J. D. Dunn, and K. H. Hachmeister. 2002. Acidulated soapstock and restaurant grease in diets for finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (Suppl. 2):70.
  •  Hancock, J. D., C. L. Jones, and C. W. Starkey. 2002. Effects of mannanoligosaccharides in diets for nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (Suppl. 2):68.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, C.L. Jones, and D. J. Lee. 2002. Acidulated soapstock and restaurant grease in diets for nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 80 (Suppl. 2):9.
  •  Starkey, C. W. 2000. Effects of diet acidification and physiological acidification on sow and litter performance. Annual Farmland University Advisory/Research Alliance Meeting, Kansas City, MO.
  •  Starkey. C. W., J.D. Hancock, J.S. Park, C. Hankins, K. Herkelman, B. Moody, and R. L. Odgaard. Effects of diet acidification on sow and litter performance. 2000. J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 1):173.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, G. A. Kennedy, C. L. Jones, D. J. Lee, C. M. Dodd, and
  •  J. D. Dunn. 2001. Effects of ractopamine on pigs fed diets with and without vitamin and trace mineral premixes in the finishing phase (70 kg to slaughter). J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl. 1):98.
  •  Starkey, C. W. , J. D. Hancock, G. A. Kennedy, C. L. Jones, D. J. Lee, C. M. Dodd, and
  •  J. D. Dunn. 2001. Effects of ractopamine on pigs fed diets with and without vitamin and trace mineral premixes in late finishing (90 kg to slaughter). J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl. 1):97.
  •  18. Dodd, C. M., D. L. Rader, J. D. Hancock, G. A. Kennedy, C. W. Starkey, C. L. Jones, and D. J. Lee. 2001. Effects of feed deprivation prior to slaughter on changes in body weight and stomach morphology of finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl. 1):874.
  •  Jones, C. L., J. D. Hancock, J. F. Pederson, C. W. Starkey, and D. J. Lee. 2001. Effects of seed coat and plant color in sorghum on growth of broiler chicks. J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl. 1):873.
  •  Lee, D. J., J. D. Hancock, G. A. Kennedy, C. L. Jones, and C. W. Starkey. 2001. Effects of feed processing technologies and diet formulation strategies on growth performance and carcass characteristics in finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl. 1):749.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, C. A. Maloney, D. J. Lee, L. J. McKinney, and K. C. Behnke. 2001. Effects of a pellet binder on pellet quality and growth performance of finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl.):200.
  •  Jones, C. L., J. D. Hancock, C. W. Starkey, and D. J. Lee. 2001. Stickwater as a fat source in diets for nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 79 (Suppl.):222.
  •  Amornthewaphat, N., J. D. Hancock, K. C. Behnke, L. J. McKinney, C. W. Starkey, D. J. Lee, C. L. Jones, J. S. Park, and D. W. Dean. 2000. Effects of feeder design (conventional dry feeder, dry shelf-feeder, and wet/dry shelf feeder) on finishing pigs. Kansas Agric. Exp. Sta. Rep. Prog. 858. pp123-126.
  •  Amornthewaphat, N., J. D. Hancock, K. C. Behnke, L. J. McKinney, C. W. Starkey, D. J. Lee, C. L. Jones, J. S. Park, and D. W. Dean. 2000. Effects of feeder design and pellet quality on finishing pigs. Kansas Agric. Exp. Sta. Rep. Prog. 858. pp127-131.
  •  Amornthewaphat, N., J. D. Hancock, K. C. Behnke, L. J. McKinney, C. W. Starkey, D. J. Lee, C. L. Jones, J. S. Park, and D. W. Dean. 2000. Effects of expanding and pelleting diets on finishing pigs fed from wet/dry feeders. Kansas Agric. Exp. Sta. Rep. Prog. 858. pp132-134.
  •  Amornthewaphat, N., J. D. Hancock, K. C. Behnke, R. H. Hines, G. A. Kennedy, D. W. Dean, C. W. Starkey, D. J. Lee, C. L. Jones, and L. J. McKinney. 2000. Effects of feeder design (conventional dry, Crystal Spring dry, and Crystal Spring wet/dry) on growth performance, water usage, and stomach morphology in finishing pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 2):52.
  •  Amornthewaphat, N., J. D. Hancock, K. C. Behnke, R. H. Hines, L. J. McKinney, C. W. Starkey, D. W. Dean, and D. J. Lee. 2000. Effects of expanding and pelleting diets for finishing pigs fed from wet/ dry feeders. J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 1):184.
  •  McKinney, L. J., J. D. Hancock, K. C. Behnke, D. W. Dean, C. W. Starkey, and J. M. DeRouchey. 2000. Effects of processing on nutritional value of normal and high-oil corn in nursery pigs. J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 2):70.
  •  Park, J. S., J. D. Hancock, T. L. Gugle, C. L. Jones, C. W. Starkey, and D. J. Lee. 2000. Effects of removing vitamin and mineral premixes on growth performance and carcass measurements in finishing pigs. Kansas Agric. Exp. Sta. Rep. Prog. 858. pp116-117.
  •  Starkey, C. W., J. D. Hancock, J. S. Park, C. C. Hankins, K. L. Herkelman, B. Moody, and R. L. Odgaard. 2000. Effects of diet acidification on sow and litter performance.
  •  J. Anim. Sci. 78 (Suppl. 1):173.
  •  Kennedy, D. W., C. W. Starkey, D. J. Griffin, and W. D. Humphrey. 1995. Poultry by-product meal as an alternative lysine source for growing-finishing swine. J. Anim. Sci. 73 (Suppl. 1):19.